A Behavior Intervention Plan (or BIP) is a written plan that teaches and rewards good behavior. It can be a single page or many pages. The purpose is to prevent or stop misbehavior, not simply punish the child.
A Behavior Intervention Plan can also be used as a “proactive action plan to address behavior(s) that are impeding the learning of the student or others.” It is assumed that lesser interventions at Tier I and Tier II have not been successful. If developed for a student with an IEP or 504 plan, the BIP becomes a part of those documents. A BIP includes “positive behavioral interventions, strategies and supports.” Behavior Intervention Plans should focus on understanding why the behavior occurred (i.e., ‘the “function’”or “communicative intent” of the behavior) and then focus on teaching an alternative behavior that meets the student’s needs in a more acceptable way. This step includes making instructional and environmental changes and providing reinforcement, reactive strategies, and effective communication.
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