Glossary of Education Terms


ADAM – Adaptive Diagnostic Assessment of Mathematics

ADAM is a K-7/8 comprehensive diagnostic assessment of mathematics available from Let’s Go Learn in English and Spanish.

To learn more about ADAM, click here.

Adaptive Learning

In adaptive learning, support is delivered in real time that addresses the unique needs of an indi­vidual.

To learn more about Adaptive Learning, click here.

Assistive Technology Device

An assistive technology device (ATD) is any item that helps people who have physical disabilities to perform everyday tasks. ATDs can be used in many different ways including helping people communicate, navigate, play games, type on a keyboard, use a mouse, control devices like lights and appliances, and even help them get dressed.

To learn more about ATDs, click here.

Asynchronous Learning

In asynchronous learning, students learn at their own pace, not necessarily when instruction is occurring.

To learn more about Asynchronous Learning, click here.

BYOD – Bring Your Own Device

BYOD refers to the use of personal devices (e.g., smartphones, tablets) for business purposes. This includes the use of these devices in place of traditional office equipment.

To learn more about BYOD, click here.

Blended Learning

Blended learning is an instructional delivery model that combines online instruction with face-to-face instruction in order to provide students with a variety of learning experiences.

To learn more about Blended Learning, click here.

CASE – Council of Administrators of Special Education

The CASE is an international professional educational organization which is affiliated with the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) whose members are dedicated to the enhancement of the worth, dignity, potential, and uniqueness of each individual in society.

To learn more about CASE, click here.

CEC – Council of Exceptional Children

The CEC is the largest international professional organization dedicated to improving the success of children and youth with disabilities and/or gifts and talents.

To learn more about the CEC, click here.

CMS – Course Management System

A CMS is an online platform that provides students with access to course content, assignments, grades, attendance records, and other information related to their courses.

To learn more about CMS, click here.

CEC Platinum Sponsor Logo

DOMA – Diagnostic Online Math Assessment

DOMA provides a detailed examination of students’ preparedness for entering Algebra I and evaluates skills taught during the crucial Algebra I year.

To learn more about DOMA, click here.

DORA – Diagnostic Online Reading Assessment

DORA evaluates each student’s reading abilities while providing the highest level of reliability and accuracy.

To learn more about DORA, click here.

Diagnostic Assessment

A diagnostic assessment is an evaluation that provides information about the student’s strengths and weaknesses in order to inform decisions about how best to support the students’ achievement.

To learn more about Diagnostic Assessments, click here.

Differentiated Instruction

Differentiated instruction is an instructional method that uses different teaching strategies for students at varying levels of cognitive development.

To learn more about Differentiated Instruction, click here.

Digital Citizenship

Digital citizenship refers to the set of behaviors that individuals must exhibit in order to participate effectively in online communities. These include being respectful toward others, respecting privacy settings, and not posting inappropriate content.

To learn more about Digital Citizenship, click here.

Digital Divide

The digital divide refers to the gap between those who have access to information technology and those who do not. This includes both people who own computers and smartphones and those without them.

To learn more about the Digital Divide, click here.

Distance Education

Distance education refers to any form of educational activity that takes place over a distance between two or more locations. This includes both online and offline courses.

To learn more about Digital Education , click here.


Dyscalculia is a specific learning disability that affects how people think about numbers and mathematics. People who have dyscalculia may not be able to understand numerical concepts like counting, time, money, fractions, percentages, or measurement. They may also have difficulty understanding mathematical symbols and equations.

To learn more about Dyscalculia, click here.

EdTech – Educational Technology

EdTech is the use of information and communication technologies in education. In this context, “technology” refers to any device that can be used for communicating ideas, knowledge, and culture. Examples include computers, tablets, smartphones, eBooks, online courses, video games, digital cameras, and many others.

To learn more about EdTech, click here.

ELA – English Language Arts

ELA is the study of literature, language, writing, grammar, spelling, punctuation, sentence structure, vocabulary, and usage in order to communicate effectively using written communication.

To learn more about ELA, click here.

EL – English Learner

An EL is an individual who has difficulty in acquiring spoken and written language skills at an appropriate rate for their age group.

To learn more about EL, click here.

ELL – English Language Learner

An ELL is an individual who has not learned English as their first language but needs additional instruction in order to be able to communicate effectively in English.

To learn more about ELL, click here.

ESL – English Second Language

An ESL course is an educational program that teaches students how to communicate in English. Students learn about grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and cultural differences between countries.

To learn more about ESL, click here.

ESY – Extended School Year

An ESY program provides additional instructional time for students during their regular school day in order to improve academic achievement and reduce dropout rates.

To learn more about ESY, click here.

FAPE – Free and Appropriate Public Education

In the United States, FAPE means special education and related services that – A. have been provided at public expense, under public supervision and direction; B. meet the standards of the State educational agency; C. include an appropriate preschool, elementary school, or secondary school education in the State involved; D. are provided in conformity with the individualized education program required under section 1414(d) of this title.

To learn more about FAPE, click here.

Flipped Classroom

A flipped classroom is an instructional strategy designed to promote active learning, in which students learn about topics at home through books, videos or other asynchronous media, and use class time to discuss and practice the topic with the teacher.

To learn more about Flipped Classrooms, click here.

Formative Assessments

Formative assessments provide feedback on student progress in order to help teachers plan instruction and adjust their teaching methods accordingly. They can be used for individual students or groups of students.

To learn more about Formative Assessments, click here.


Gamification is an approach to business that uses game design elements in non-game contexts. For example, gamification can be used to encourage people to exercise, eat healthy food, save money, volunteer, recycle, or do anything else that would not normally have been considered fun.

To learn more about Gamification, click here.

Hybrid Instruction

See Blended Learning.

IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

IDEA was passed in 1975 to ensure that all children have access to an education free of discrimination based on disability.

To learn more about IDEA, click here.

IEP – Individualized Education Program

An IEP for students with disabilities is an educational plan that is designed specifically for each student based on his/her unique needs.

To learn more about IEP, click here.

LEA – Local Educational Agencies

LEAs are public school districts that serve students in grades K–12. They are responsible for providing education programs and services to their students.

To learn more about LEA, click here.

LMS – Learning Management System

An LMS is a type of software application that helps teachers manage their students’ coursework in an online environment. It can be used for both face-to-face and distance education.

To learn more about LMS, click here.

MTSS – Multi-Tiered System of Support

MTSS is an approach that combines both human and technological support in order to provide a comprehensive delivery model, which includes decision making and problem solving, for all children who need special education services.

To learn more about MTSS, click here.

PD – Professional Development

This program will provide opportunities for professional development for all faculty members in order to enhance their teaching skills and knowledge base.

To learn more about PD, click here.

PLAAFP – Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance

PLAAFP is an assessment tool used in schools for students who have been identified as having special needs. It provides information about the student’s current level of academic achievement and functional performance.

To learn more about PLAAFP, click here.

PLC – Professional Learning Community

A PLC is an organizational structure that supports continuous improvement in practice.

To learn more about PLC, click here.

Personalized Learning

Personalized learning is an approach that tailors instruction for each student based on their individual needs and abilities. This can be done in many ways including adaptive learning systems, diagnostic testing and/or personalized feedback.

To learn more about Personalized Learning, click here.

Progress Monitoring

Progress monitoring refers to the practice of assessing the quality of an individual’s performance in relation to established standards. This may be done at regular intervals or on an ad hoc basis.

To learn more about Progress Monitoring, click here.

RTI – Response To Intervention

RTI is an evidence based practice that helps schools identify students who need extra help in reading, writing, math, or any other subject.

To learn more about RTI, click here.

RTI Pyramid

SDI – Specially Designed Instruction

SDI is a curriculum that has been designed specifically for an individual student’s needs. This may be done in order to meet specific goals set forth by the teacher, or to address issues identified during assessment.

To learn more about SDI, click here.

SELPA – Special Education Local Plan Area

A SELPA is a community that has been identified for special educational needs and services, and provides them within its boundaries.

To learn more about SELPA, click here.

SPED – Special Education

Special education refers to any type of instruction that meets the special needs of students who have disabilities.

To learn more about SPED, click here.

Scaffolding in Education

Scaffolding is an instructional strategy that involves providing support for students who need help understanding concepts or tasks. This can be done by giving them hints about what they should do next, or by having them work on simpler versions of the task first.

To learn more about Scaffolding in Education, click here.

Summative Assessments

Summative assessments are tests that have an overall purpose in assessing student knowledge and skills. They are usually designed to provide information about how well students understand concepts and can apply them.

To learn more about Summative Assessments, click here.

Synchronous Learning

In synchronous learning, all students in a class use the same set of training examples at the same time. This contrasts with asynchronous learning, where each learner has its own separate set of training examples.

To learn more about Synchronous Learning, click here.

ZPD – Zone of Proximal Development

The ZPD refers to the distance between an individual’s current level of performance and their potential maximum performance.

To learn more about the ZPD, click here.

Zone of Proximal Development
Back to Top

About Let’s Go Learn, Inc.

Let’s Go Learn is a personalized learning software company focused primarily on MTSS, special education, and intervention programming to support K-12 students. Over 20 years ago, Let’s Go Learn pioneered online, computer-adapted diagnostic assessments to determine the learning needs of each student. In contrast to limited screening tools, Let’s Go Learn’s platform quickly determines student deficits, needs, and causal relationships to help develop individualized learning paths for each student. Millions of students worldwide have benefitted from Let’s Go Learn’s assessment data, pin-pointed instruction, and robust progress monitoring. The platform is designed to monitor progress from interventions in specific areas, while building detailed reporting and data to support the development and tracking of IEP content and goals.

LGL ADAM Screen Shot

Recent blog posts…

Discover Let’s Go Learn Solutions